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House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
Passeridae
Type: Bird

Effect: Pest
Leslie
Leslie


Passer domesticus Family
Passeridae Genus


Location / Where this Creature is found:

The Old World true sparrows are indigenous to Europe, Africa and Asia. In Australia and the Americas, early settlers imported some species which quickly naturalised, particularly in urban and degraded areas. House Sparrows, for example, are now found throughout North America, in every state of Australia except Western Australia, and over much of the heavily populated parts of South America.
Some authorities previously classified the related estrildid finches of the Old World tropics and Australasia as members of the Passeridae. Like the true sparrows, the estrildid finches are small, gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They are broadly similar in structure and habits, but tend to be very colourful and vary greatly in their plumage. There are about 140 species. The 2008 Christidis and Boles taxonomic scheme lists the estrildid finches as the separate family Estrildidae, leaving just the true sparrows in Passeridae.
American sparrows, or New World sparrows, are in a different family, Emberizidae, despite some physical resemblance such as the seed-eater's bill and frequently well-marked heads.


General information about House Sparrow :

The "true sparrows", the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae, are small passerine birds. As eight or more species nest in or near buildings, and the House Sparrow and Eurasian Tree Sparrow in particular inhabit cities in large numbers, sparrows may be the most familiar of all wild birds.
Generally, sparrows tend to be small, plump brown-grey birds with short tails and stubby, powerful beaks. The differences between sparrow species can be subtle. They are primarily seed-eaters, though they also consume small insects. A few species scavenge for food around cities and, like gulls or pigeons, will happily eat virtually anything in small quantities. Members of this family range in size from the Chestnut Sparrow (Passer eminibey), at 11.4 cm (4.5 inches) and 13.4 g., to the Parrot-billed Sparrow (Passer gongonensis), at 18 cm (7 inches) and 42 g. (1.5 oz). Sparrows are physically similar to other seed-eating birds, such as finches, but have a vestigial dorsal outer primary feather and an extra bone in the tongue.

The Hedge Sparrow or Dunnock (Prunella modularis) is similarly unrelated. It is a sparrow in name only, a relic of the old practice of calling any small bird a "sparrow".
This pest causes problems by:
Sparrows can become a major nuisance when they clog rain gutters and downspouts, and their nests frequently cause electrical shorts and fires when they nest in electrical equipment.
How to get rid of it:
traps, loud music...



House sparrow


Comment: House Sparrow

Page Posts: 2

Thunder
Thunder
August 31, 2010
HOw sad Sumi

Sumi

NSW, Australia August 31, 2010
At my family home in Chennai, South India, these cute, little, old-world birds are today rarely to be seen, when once they were everywhere and taken for granted. It has happened due to urban sprawl and loss of small, thorny bushes which are their habitat. In Sydney, where I live today, the same thing is happening. Sprawling parking lots, transportways, malls and office and sports complexes have made short work of wildlife habitat. A clever bird called the Noisy Miner has learned to hang around in vicious mobs and all but decimated other birds, both big and small, like the kookaburra, willie wagtail, peewit, rosella, corella, etc. from the remaining little bushes and trees. Even the big currawongs and magpies are being given a run for their money! Of course, birds like hawks and kites are chased out of the very treetops (the few that remain) and skies and the mournful stone curlew, I suspect, are gone for ever from our shores.

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