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American Strawberry Bush
Celastraceae
Euonymus americanus


Thunder
Thunder
Flower Petal # 5
Main Color    
Color 2    
Type Categories Useful Parts

Shrub


Celastraceae Family

Euonymus Genus
Other Names for this Plant

hearts-a-burstin', bursting heart, John Baptiste – Percival, “deer ice cream”, American burning bush.


Location

Eastern North America from Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey,

New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, to West Virginia



Physical Description
American strawberry bush is a thin little shrub with narrow, opposite leaves, green stems and tiny, inconspicuous flowers that give way to peculiar crimson red fruits that look like strawberries bursting out of their red winter coats. The bush usually gets no more than 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) tall, and has a loose, sprawling structure with thin, wiry, spreading branches and an open, airy form. There usually are several main upright stems arising in a stoloniferous clump. The twigs are distinctive, four-angled and green. The deciduous leaves are 2-3 in (5.1-7.6 cm) long and have fine teeth on the margins. The springtime flowers are very inconspicuous, only about a third of an inch (0.8 cm) across, with five greenish yellow petals. The fruit is a warty red capsule about 1 in (2.5 cm) across that looks a little like a strawberry. When ripe, the capsule splits open to reveal four or five orange-red seeds framed by the persistent scarlet husks.


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Celastraceae
Celastrales
Celastrales
Higher Stars Order
Oxid Clad
Oxid-Faba
Fabidae
Bean-Like Class
Eurosids
Real Rose Class
Rosids
Rosids
Rose-Like Class
Core Eudicots
Core Eudicots
Main, Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Eudicots
Eudicots
Real, Two First-Leaves (Dicots)
Mesangiospermae
Mesangiospermae
Half Capsule Seed Division
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliophyta
Magnolia Division
Spermatophytes
Spermatophytes
Seed Plants
Euphyllophytina
Real Land Plants
Polysporangiates
Multiple Spore Sub-Kingdom
Stomatophytes
Stomatophytes
Air Pores Sub-Kingdom
Embryophytes
Embryophytes
Multicellular Land Plants
Streptobionta
Streptobionta
Multicellular Plants
Plantae
Plantae
Plants
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
Cells with a Nucleus


General Information

Strawberry-bush caught the eye of early botanists who visited the New World, so much so that in 1663 it was among the first American plants exported back to Europe for horticultural use. These

botanical explorers admired not only the dazzling fall fruit but also the lightly serrated dark green leaves that in fall turn yellow or even white before falling to the woodland floor.

Medicinal Uses: Native Americans used the roots of Strawberry-bush to make a tea for stomach and urinary problems and uterine prolapse.The seed is strongly laxative. A tea made from the roots is used in cases of uterine prolapse, vomiting of blood, painful urination and stomach aches. The bark is diuretic, expectorant, laxative, and tonic. It was used as a tea in the treatment of malaria, liver congestion, constipation etc. The powdered bark, applied to the scalp, was believed to eliminate dandruff. An infusion of the plant has been used to stimulate menstruation and so should not be used by pregnant women

Warning: The berries contain Glycosides evobioside, evomonoside, & evonoside. Symptoms opf toxicity are Severe diarrhea in humans; when ingested the berries may also affect the heart, possibly causing cardiac arrest, and are especially dangerous for kids



American Strawberry Bush




American Strawberry Bush




American Strawberry Bush


Comment: American Strawberry Bush, Euonymus americanus

Page Posts: 1

gardengeek
gardengeek
June 18, 2010
What in the world? that is so strange! Cool pictures!

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